A Bill’s Journey To Law Implementation
Laws are ideas from people. ALL laws passed in United States begin as ideas. These ideas may come from a common people like you. If you have good ideas, discuss it with a lawmaker or representative. These will be presented in the house of representative before it will be approved for the U.S Senate, and the President. Let’s examine how a bill becomes a law in United States.
- It all began as an Idea. As what I’ve said, it all starts as an IDEA. These ideas are being analyze before it will be written as bills.
- The bill should be introduced – A bill is introduced when placed in the hopper- a box found in the side of the clerk’s desk. Only members from the house of Representatives can introduce a bill. When bill has been introduced, it will be passed through the H.R. This will be read by a clerk to all the Representative, and the Speaker of the House will assign one of the house standing committee to re examine the bill.
- The bill goes to committee – the committee members – group of representative experts on topic such as education, agriculture and international relations- will research, review and revise the bill before voting, if the bill needs more information then it should be sent back to the house floor, and now to a subcommittee. In the sub committee, the bill will gain expert opinions which will be employed before it will be sent back to the committee for approval.
- The Bill is Reported – When the bill was approved it will be reported to the house floor. Once done, a debate will be heard by the U.S House of Representative.
- The Bill is Voted On – There are three ways for voting on a bill in the U.S house of Representative.
- Division – The speaker of the House will ask those representative who support the bill and be counted, and those who oppose to stand up and be counted.
- Viva Voice (voice vote)- Representatives who support the bill will be asked to say “aye” and “NO” for those who disagree.
- Majority rules when most of the representative say YES or select YES.
- Senators vote by voice. If majority of the Senators say “yea,” the bill pass through the U.S. Senate and now ready for President’s approval.
- The Bill is approve by the President. When a bill reaches the office of the President. He has three choices;
- Sign and pass the bill—the bill becomes a law.
- Refuse to sign, or veto the bill—the bill is sent back to the U.S. House of Representatives, along with the President’s reasons for the veto. If the U.S. House of Representatives and the U.S. Senate still believe the bill should become a law, they can hold another vote on the bill. If two-thirds of the Representatives and Senators support the bill, the President’s veto is overridden and the bill becomes a law.
- Do nothing (pocket veto)—if Congress is in session, the bill automatically becomes law after 10 days. If Congress is not in session, the bill does not become a law.
- If a bill has been approved in both U.S. House of Representatives and the U.S. Senate and has been signed by the President, or if a presidential veto has been overridden, the bill becomes a law and is enforced by the Government.